In what we call „web 2.0”, „cookies” play an important role in facilitating the access and delivery of the many services the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
An „Internet Cookie” (also known as „cookie browser” or „HTTP cookie” or simply „cookie”) is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, other equipment of a user on which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed through a web browser’s browser request (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely „passive” (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive) .
A cookie consists of two parts: the name and the content or the value of the cookie. Furthermore, the duration of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.
Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify internet users.
There are 2 large categories of cookies:
A cookie contains information linking a web browser (user) and a specific web-server (website).
If a browser accesses that web-server again, it can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a good browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable user services: ex – online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.
Cookies are managed by web servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for one session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused whenever the user returns to that site (‘permanent cookies’). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
A visit to this site may place cookies for purposes of:
This type of cookie retains the user’s preferences on this site, so they no longer need to be set on every site visit.
Exemple: – volume settings for video player – the streaming video speed with which the Visitors Analytics Cookies browser is compatible
Whenever a user visits this site, third-party analytics software generates a user’s analysis cookie. This cookie tells us if you have visited this site so far. The browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if not, we will generate one. It allows monitoring of unique users who visit us and how often they do it.
Cookies for geo-targeting
These cookies are used by software that determines where you come from. It is completely anonymous and is used only to target the content – even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language you receive the same advertisement.
Cookies for registration
When you sign up for this site, we generate a cookie that tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us your account and if you have permission for a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post on our site with your username. If you did not select „keep me registered”, this cookie will automatically delete when you close your browser or computer.
Cookies for advertising
These cookies allow us to know whether or not you have viewed an online ad, what is its type, and how long it has been since you saw the ad message.
These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We may also use third-party cookies for better targeting of advertising, for example, showing holiday ads if the user has recently visited an article on vacancies. These cookies are anonymous, they store information about the viewed content, not about the users.
We also set up anonymous cookies through other sites that we advertise. By accepting them, we can use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site if you later visit our site, we will be able to deliver advertising based on this information.
Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyse how many people have been exposed to an ad, or to see how many people have been exposed multiple times to the same ad.
The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. Third-party cookies can be used to show your targeted advertising on other sites, based on your surfing on this site.
Other cookies from third parties
On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application, or to customize an application. Because of its use, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access cookies owned by this website.
For example, when you share an article using the social network button on this website, that social network will record your activity.
Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The Webserver will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances Internet browsing experience (e.g. setting the language of a site, keeping a user logged in to your webmail account, online banking security, keeping your products in the shopping cart)
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites unusable.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising – just that it will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behaviour.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account):
Cookies are NOT Viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or can auto-run. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about user preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Because identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what problems can create cookies. In order to transmit constant information in both ways between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rarely, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g. an unsecured Wi-Fi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to prevent browsers from sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information for unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information. Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based navigation.
Many of the applications for detection and prevention of spyware include the detection of attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
This site uses the Google Remarketing Advertising option. Through this type of advertising, Google collects cookies from this site to show you ad campaigns closer to your interests, expressed by the types of pages previously visited on this web site.
Third-party distributors, including Google, show our ads on websites on the internet. This site and third-party vendors, including Google, use primary cookies (such as the Google Analytics cookie) and third-party cookies (such as the DoubleClick module) in combination to inform, optimize, and serve ads your previous visits on the site.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive / see online advertising anymore.
A browser setting is possible for cookies to be disallowed, or you can set your browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s „options” or „preferences” menu.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s „help” option for more details.
If you want to learn more about cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links:http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro
Last updated: august 18, 2018.